Data Analysis Technologies - Stack Test Method 23

Method 23 - Determination of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and
Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans from Municipal Waste Combustors

Product: Isokinetic Stack Method for PCDD/PCDF

Method 23-




Method 8290A uses isotopically labeled internal standards to perform an isotope-dilution analysis and quantitation of PCDDs/PCDFs.  High Resolution Gas Chromatography- High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS) is used to separate the complex organic mixture and quantify the tetra through octa chlorinated dioxins and furans. 

 The results of the method are expressed as picogram (10-12g) quantities of PCDD/PCDF and total chlorinated homologs per sample, pg/gram (ppt).  The detection limit for the method is matrix dependent and will vary from 5 to 50 ppt total for the tetra chlorinated PCDD/PCDF. 

The founder of DAT, Dr. Mitchum, led the development of all the dioxin and furan regulatory methods while leading the Quality Assurance Division at the EMSL, US EPA.  The validation of these methods have enabled the methodology to be broadly applied throughout EPA regulatory programs.

 Field Sampling Guide: DAT can supply sampling kit

 Aqueous Samples:  2-1 liter amber glass (Boston Round with PTFE caps.  Check for residual chlorine and if present add 80 grams of sodium thiosulfate. 

 Soil/sediment samples:  Use a 4 oz soil jar with a teflon closure.

Ship all samples cooled to 4 ˚C. 




Method 23

Isokinetic Sampling

DAT furnishes certified spiked XAD-2 traps

Fast turnaround available

All results electronically populated and QA reviewed

Method 23/23A-XAD-2 module-CPT and Risk

Multiple parameters 0010; PCBs, PAH in a single run

Reporting Units

XAD-2 Module- pg total

Selected Publications-Brominated dioxins and furans

1. Donnelly, J. R., Munslow, W. D., Vonnahme, T. L., Nunn, N. J., Hedin, C. M., Sovocool, G. W. and Mitchum, R. K. (1987), The chemistry and mass spectrometry of brominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 14: 465–472. doi: 10.1002/bms.1200140814

2. Donnelly, J. R., Grange, A. H., Nunn, N. J., Sovocool, G. W., Brumley, W. C. and Mitchum, R. K. (1989), Analysis of thermoplastic resins for brominated dibenzofurans. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 18: 884–896. doi: 10.1002/bms.1200181008